Health Corner – Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis)

What is Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis)

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Remit2Home Blog – Health Corner – Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition in which a person sweats excessively and unpredictably. People with hyperhidrosis may sweat even when the temperature is cool or when they are at rest. It is a common disorder that produces a lot of unhappiness. Many people suffering from this condition are unaware of its symptoms and therefore think they have a severe sweat problem rather than a specific malady.
Untreated, these problems may continue throughout life. Sweating is embarrassing, it stains clothes, and it complicates business and social interactions. Severe cases can have serious practical consequences as well, making it hard for people who suffer from it to hold a pen, grip a steering wheel, or shake hands. It is associated with a significant quality of life burden from a psychological, emotional, and social perspective. As such, it has been referred to as the ‘silent handicap’. At least 3% of the global population suffers from excessive sweating and it affects both sexes equally, and all races.

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Remit2Home Blog – Health Corner – Hyperhidrosis

Causes

Persons with hyperhidrosis appear to have overactive sweat glands. When excessive sweating affects the hands, feet, and armpits, it is called primary or focal hyperhidrosis. Although neurologic, metabolic, and other systemic diseases can sometimes cause excessive sweating, most cases occur in people who are otherwise healthy. Heat and emotions may trigger hyperhidrosis in some, but many who suffer from hyperhidrosis sweat nearly all the time, regardless of their mood or the weather.

Types of Hyperhidrosis

Primary focal – When your excessive sweating is not caused by any other medical condition or is not a side effect of any drugs that you may be under you are suffering from primary hyperhidrosis.

Secondary – This type of excessive sweating (also called generalized hyperhidrosis) is caused by a usually unrelated medical condition or is a side effect of a particular drug.

Treatments

1. Over-the-counter antiperspirants – Home remedies like these are usually tried first because they are readily available
2. Prescription-strength antiperspirants – those containing aluminum chloride hexahydrate
3. Iontophoresis – a device which passes direct electricity through the skin using tap water
4. Microwave destruction – a device destroys the sweat glands purportedly causing minimal damage to other tissues
5. Oral medications – from the group of medications known as anticholinergics, which reduce sweating
6. Botox (botulinum toxin) – approved in the US by the FDA for treating excessive axillary (underarm) sweating
7. Surgery – cervical sympathectomy, or interruption of certain nerve pathways, as a last resort

Data Source – Read more about this here:

http://www.medicinenet.com/hyperhidrosis/article.htm
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007259.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperhidrosis

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Health Corner – MERS-COV

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Health Corner – MERS-COV

MERS-COV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus)

The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a disease caused by a new virus that causes a rapid onset of severe respiratory disease in people. It is viral respiratory illness first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and first called as Novel coronavirus 2012 or simply novel coronavirus, after genome sequencing of a virus isolated from sputum samples from patients who fell ill in a 2012 outbreak of a new flu. MERS-CoV has caused outbreaks in the Middle East and sporadic cases around the world. Just recently, international health experts started getting alarmed over the surge in infections and deaths in Saudi Arabia.

In April 2014, the Ministry of Health in Malaysia and the Ministry of Health of Greece have each reported their first case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in travellers who returned from Saudi Arabia. The official WHO MERS count is 238, with 92 deaths. As of 27 Apr 2014 there are 339 confirmed cases in Saudi Arabia, with 102 deaths. All cases have lived in or travelled to the Middle East, or have had close contact with people who acquired the infection in the Middle East. Most people who have been confirmed to have MERS-CoV infection developed severe acute respiratory illness. They had fever, cough, and shortness of breath. About half of these people died. As of May 9 – 2014, MERS-CoV cases have been reported in several countries Arab Emirates, and Yemen (Middle East); France, Germany, Greece, Italy, and the United Kingdom (Europe); Tunisia and Egypt (Africa); Malaysia and the Philippines (Asia); and the United States of America (Americas).

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Health Corner – Virus MERS COV

This virus has spread from ill people to others through close contact. However, the virus has not shown to spread in a sustained way in communities. There is growing evidence that direct or indirect contact with camels play a significant role in the virus transmission. Some of the infections have occurred in clusters between individuals in close contact with one another and an increasing number of infections have occurred among health care workers in health care settings, indicating the importance of following strict infection control practices. This suggests that the virus can spread between humans, however, there has been no sustained person-to-person transmission and the risk of contracting this infection is still considered to be low.

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Health Corner MERS COV

Vaccine

There is no vaccine yet but the cure or vaccine for the MERS-CoV may already be near. Two studies published in different leading scientific journals said scientists have identified antibodies that could potentially be used towards the development of a cure or vaccine treatment against the novel virus.

Symptoms of the MERS-CoV:

• Sudden and serious respiratory illness
• Influenza-like illness
• Symptoms of pneumonia
• Chest pain and cough
• Shortness of breath and breathing difficulties
• Gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea

How to Protect Yourself from MERS-CoV?

• Avoid close contact with animals when visiting farms or barn areas where the virus is known to be potentially circulating
• Regularly wash hands before and after touching animals
• Avoid contact with sick animals
• Follow food hygiene practices
• Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze then throw the tissue in the trash
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands
• Avoid close contact, such as kissing, sharing cups, or sharing eating utensils, with sick people
• Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs

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Health Corner – MERS COV spreading worldwide

The following countries have reported cases of MERS:
Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United States

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_East_respiratory_syndrome_coronavirus
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/notices-avis/notices-avis-eng.php?id=108
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/phn-asp/2013/ncoronavirus-eng.php
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/coronavirus_infections/en/
http://www.cdc.gov/CORONAVIRUS/MERS/INDEX.HTML

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Influenza (Flu)

Remit2Home blog - Philippines - Health Corner - Influenza (Flu)

Health Corner – Influenza (Flu)

The word Influenza comes from the Italian language meaning “influence” and refers to the cause of the disease; initially, this ascribed illness to unfavorable astrological influences. Changes in medical thought led to its modification to influenza del freddo, meaning “influence of the cold”. Influenza, commonly known as “the flu”, is an infectious disease of birds and mammals caused by RNA viruses of the family Orthomyxoviridae, the influenza viruses. Although it is often confused with other influenza-like illnesses, especially the common cold, influenza is a more severe disease caused by a different type of virus.

Remit2Home blog - Philippines - Health Corner - Influenza (Flu)

Health Corner – Influenza (Flu)

Influenza can be spread in three main ways:
* By direct transmission (when an infected person sneezes mucus directly into the eyes, nose or mouth of another person)
* the airborne route (when someone inhales the aerosols produced by an infected person coughing, sneezing or spitting) and
* Through hand-to-eye, hand-to-nose, or hand-to-mouth transmission, either from contaminated surfaces or from direct personal contact such as a hand-shake.

Airborne aerosols have been thought to cause most infections, although which means of transmission is most important is not absolutely clear. Influenza viruses can be inactivated by sunlight, disinfectants and detergents. As the virus can be inactivated by soap, frequent hand washing reduces the risk of infection. Flu can occasionally lead to pneumonia, either direct viral pneumonia or secondary bacterial pneumonia, even for persons who are usually very healthy. In particular it is a warning sign if a child (or presumably an adult) seems to be getting better and then relapses with a high fever as this relapse may be bacterial pneumonia. Another warning sign is if the person starts to have trouble breathing.

People with the flu are advised to get plenty of rest, drink plenty of liquids, avoid using alcohol and tobacco and, if necessary, take medications such as acetaminophen (paracetamol) to relieve the fever and muscle aches associated with the flu. Children and teenagers with flu symptoms (particularly fever) should avoid taking aspirin during an influenza infection (especially influenza type B), because doing so can lead to Reye’s syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal disease of the liver. Since influenza is caused by a virus, antibiotics have no effect on the infection; unless prescribed for secondary infections such as bacterial pneumonia. Antiviral medication may be effective, but some strains of influenza can show resistance to the standard antiviral drugs and there is concern about the quality of the research.

Symptoms of influenza may include:

1. Fever and extreme coldness (chills shivering, shaking (rigor)
2. Cough
3. Nasal congestion
4. Runny nose
5. Body aches, especially joints and throat
6. Fatigue
7. Headache
8. Irritated, watering eyes
9. Reddened eyes, skin (especially face), mouth, throat and nose
10. Petechial rash In children
11. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea and abdominal pain

Health Corner - Influenza (Flu)

Health Corner – Influenza (Flu)

Effective ways to reduce the transmission of influenza:

1. Good personal health and hygiene habits such as: not touching your eyes, nose or mouth;
2. Frequent hand washing (with soap and water, or with alcohol-based hand rubs)
3. Covering coughs and sneezes
4. Avoiding close contact with sick people
5. Staying home yourself if you are sick
6. Avoiding spitting is also recommended
7. Face masks might help prevent transmission when caring for the sick

Remit2Home Blog - Philippines - Reduce the transmission of influenza

Reduce the transmission of influenza

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza
http://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/default.htm?names-dropdown=

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