Health Corner – Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis)

What is Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis)

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Remit2Home Blog – Health Corner – Hyperhidrosis

Hyperhidrosis is a medical condition in which a person sweats excessively and unpredictably. People with hyperhidrosis may sweat even when the temperature is cool or when they are at rest. It is a common disorder that produces a lot of unhappiness. Many people suffering from this condition are unaware of its symptoms and therefore think they have a severe sweat problem rather than a specific malady.
Untreated, these problems may continue throughout life. Sweating is embarrassing, it stains clothes, and it complicates business and social interactions. Severe cases can have serious practical consequences as well, making it hard for people who suffer from it to hold a pen, grip a steering wheel, or shake hands. It is associated with a significant quality of life burden from a psychological, emotional, and social perspective. As such, it has been referred to as the ‘silent handicap’. At least 3% of the global population suffers from excessive sweating and it affects both sexes equally, and all races.

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Remit2Home Blog – Health Corner – Hyperhidrosis

Causes

Persons with hyperhidrosis appear to have overactive sweat glands. When excessive sweating affects the hands, feet, and armpits, it is called primary or focal hyperhidrosis. Although neurologic, metabolic, and other systemic diseases can sometimes cause excessive sweating, most cases occur in people who are otherwise healthy. Heat and emotions may trigger hyperhidrosis in some, but many who suffer from hyperhidrosis sweat nearly all the time, regardless of their mood or the weather.

Types of Hyperhidrosis

Primary focal – When your excessive sweating is not caused by any other medical condition or is not a side effect of any drugs that you may be under you are suffering from primary hyperhidrosis.

Secondary – This type of excessive sweating (also called generalized hyperhidrosis) is caused by a usually unrelated medical condition or is a side effect of a particular drug.

Treatments

1. Over-the-counter antiperspirants – Home remedies like these are usually tried first because they are readily available
2. Prescription-strength antiperspirants – those containing aluminum chloride hexahydrate
3. Iontophoresis – a device which passes direct electricity through the skin using tap water
4. Microwave destruction – a device destroys the sweat glands purportedly causing minimal damage to other tissues
5. Oral medications – from the group of medications known as anticholinergics, which reduce sweating
6. Botox (botulinum toxin) – approved in the US by the FDA for treating excessive axillary (underarm) sweating
7. Surgery – cervical sympathectomy, or interruption of certain nerve pathways, as a last resort

Data Source – Read more about this here:

http://www.medicinenet.com/hyperhidrosis/article.htm
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007259.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperhidrosis

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Health Corner – MERS-COV

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Health Corner – MERS-COV

MERS-COV (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus)

The Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a disease caused by a new virus that causes a rapid onset of severe respiratory disease in people. It is viral respiratory illness first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and first called as Novel coronavirus 2012 or simply novel coronavirus, after genome sequencing of a virus isolated from sputum samples from patients who fell ill in a 2012 outbreak of a new flu. MERS-CoV has caused outbreaks in the Middle East and sporadic cases around the world. Just recently, international health experts started getting alarmed over the surge in infections and deaths in Saudi Arabia.

In April 2014, the Ministry of Health in Malaysia and the Ministry of Health of Greece have each reported their first case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in travellers who returned from Saudi Arabia. The official WHO MERS count is 238, with 92 deaths. As of 27 Apr 2014 there are 339 confirmed cases in Saudi Arabia, with 102 deaths. All cases have lived in or travelled to the Middle East, or have had close contact with people who acquired the infection in the Middle East. Most people who have been confirmed to have MERS-CoV infection developed severe acute respiratory illness. They had fever, cough, and shortness of breath. About half of these people died. As of May 9 – 2014, MERS-CoV cases have been reported in several countries Arab Emirates, and Yemen (Middle East); France, Germany, Greece, Italy, and the United Kingdom (Europe); Tunisia and Egypt (Africa); Malaysia and the Philippines (Asia); and the United States of America (Americas).

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Health Corner – Virus MERS COV

This virus has spread from ill people to others through close contact. However, the virus has not shown to spread in a sustained way in communities. There is growing evidence that direct or indirect contact with camels play a significant role in the virus transmission. Some of the infections have occurred in clusters between individuals in close contact with one another and an increasing number of infections have occurred among health care workers in health care settings, indicating the importance of following strict infection control practices. This suggests that the virus can spread between humans, however, there has been no sustained person-to-person transmission and the risk of contracting this infection is still considered to be low.

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Health Corner MERS COV

Vaccine

There is no vaccine yet but the cure or vaccine for the MERS-CoV may already be near. Two studies published in different leading scientific journals said scientists have identified antibodies that could potentially be used towards the development of a cure or vaccine treatment against the novel virus.

Symptoms of the MERS-CoV:

• Sudden and serious respiratory illness
• Influenza-like illness
• Symptoms of pneumonia
• Chest pain and cough
• Shortness of breath and breathing difficulties
• Gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhea

How to Protect Yourself from MERS-CoV?

• Avoid close contact with animals when visiting farms or barn areas where the virus is known to be potentially circulating
• Regularly wash hands before and after touching animals
• Avoid contact with sick animals
• Follow food hygiene practices
• Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze then throw the tissue in the trash
• Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands
• Avoid close contact, such as kissing, sharing cups, or sharing eating utensils, with sick people
• Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs

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Health Corner – MERS COV spreading worldwide

The following countries have reported cases of MERS:
Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United States

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_East_respiratory_syndrome_coronavirus
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/tmp-pmv/notices-avis/notices-avis-eng.php?id=108
http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/phn-asp/2013/ncoronavirus-eng.php
http://www.who.int/csr/disease/coronavirus_infections/en/
http://www.cdc.gov/CORONAVIRUS/MERS/INDEX.HTML

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Health Corner – Heart Attack (MI)

Myocardial infarction (from Latin: Infarctus myocardii, MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the medical term for an event commonly known as a “HEART ATTACK”. It happens when blood stops flowing properly to part of the heart and the heart muscle is injured due to not receiving enough oxygen. Usually this is because one of the coronary arteries that supplies blood to the heart develops a blockage due to an unstable buildup of white blood cells, cholesterol and fat. The event is called “acute” if it is sudden and serious.

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Learn about heart attacks

Heart attacks most often occur as a result of coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease. CHD is a condition in which a waxy substance called plaque (plak) builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart. When plaque builds up in the arteries, the condition is called atherosclerosis (ath-er-o-skler-O-sis). The buildup of plaque occurs over many years. Eventually, an area of plaque can rupture (break open) inside of an artery. This causes a blood clot to form on the plaque’s surface. If the clot becomes large enough, it can mostly or completely block blood flow through a coronary artery. If the blockage isn’t treated quickly, the portion of heart muscle fed by the artery begins to die. Healthy heart tissue is replaced with scar tissue. This heart damage may not be obvious, or it may cause severe or long-lasting problems.

Heart Attack Symptoms

• Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone
• Discomfort radiating to the back, jaw, throat, or arm
• Fullness, indigestion, or choking feeling (may feel like heartburn)
• Sweating, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness
• Extreme weakness, anxiety, or shortness of breath
• Rapid or irregular heartbeats
• During a heart attack, symptoms last 30 minutes or longer and are not relieved by rest or nitroglycerin under the tongue.
• Some people have a heart attack without having any symptoms (a “silent” myocardial infarction). A silent MI can occur in anyone, but it is more common among people with diabetes.

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Symptoms of Heart Attacks

Risk factors

• Smoking appears to be the cause at about 36 %
• Obesity the cause of 20 % of coronary artery disease
• Lack of exercise has been linked to 7 – 12 % of cases
• Job stress appears to play a minor role, about 3 % of cases
• Chronic high stress levels may cause some cases
• Low socio-economic status such as shorter education, lower income, social isolation
• Negative emotions increase the risk
• Unmarried cohabitation are also correlated with a higher risk of MI
• Alcohol – prolonged exposure to high quantities of alcohol can increase the risk of heart attack
• Trans fats do appear to increase risk

Remit2Home Blog - Philippines - Symptoms of a heart attack

First aid

Heart attack is a medical emergency. Call 911 or your local emergency number if you think you or someone else is having a heart attack.

The average person waits 3 hours before seeking help for symptoms of a heart attack. Many heart attack patients die before they reach a hospital. The sooner the person gets to the emergency room, the better the chance of survival. Prompt medical treatment reduces the amount of heart damage. If you think someone is having a heart attack:

• Have the person sit down, rest, and try to keep calm.
• Loosen any tight clothing.
• Ask if the person takes any chest pain medication for a known heart condition, such as nitroglycerin, and help them take it.
• If the pain does not go away promptly with rest or within 3 minutes of taking nitroglycerin, call for emergency medical help.
• If the person is unconscious and unresponsive, call your local emergency number then begin CPR.
• If an infant or child is unconscious and unresponsive, perform 1 minute of CPR, then call emergency number.

DO NOT:

• Do NOT leave the person alone except to call for help, if necessary.
• Do NOT allow the person to deny the symptoms and convince you not to call for emergency help.
• Do NOT wait to see if the symptoms go away.
• Do NOT give the person anything by mouth unless a heart medication (such as nitroglycerin) has been prescribed.

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Do’s and Don’ts during a heart attack

Prevention

• If you smoke, quit. Smoking more than doubles the chance of developing heart disease.
• Keep blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes in good control and follow your doctor’s orders.
• Lose weight if obese or overweight.
• Get regular exercise to improve heart health. (Talk to your doctor before starting any new fitness program.)
• Eat a heart-healthy diet. Limit saturated fats, red meat, and sugars. Increase your intake of chicken, fish, fresh fruits and vegetables, and whole grains. Your health care provider can help you tailor a diet specific to your needs.
• Limit the amount of alcohol you drink. One drink a day is associated with reducing the rate of heart attacks, but two or more drinks a day can damage the heart and cause other medical problems.

http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/911-Warnings-Signs-of-a-Heart-Attack_UCM_305346_SubHomePage.jsp
http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/heart-disease-heart-attacks
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myocardial_infarction
http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000063.htm

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Obesity & Overweight

What is Obesity ?

Overweight and obesity are the result of an energy imbalance where too many calories are eaten and not enough physical activity takes place. Obesity means having too much body fat. It is different from being overweight, which means weighing too much. The weight may come from muscle, bone, fat, and/or body water. Both terms mean that a person’s weight is greater than what’s considered healthy for his or her height. Obesity and overweight have in the last decade become a global problem – according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Overweight and obesity

Overweight and obesity

The scale of the obesity problem has a number of serious consequences for individuals and government health systems. An obese person accumulates so much body fat that it has a negative effect on their health. If a person’s body-weight is at least 20% higher than it should be, he or she is considered obese. Most cases of obesity are caused by eating too much and moving too little. If you consume high amounts of energy from your diet but do not burn off the energy through exercise and physical activity, the surplus energy is turned into fat.

What are the consequences of overweight and obesity ?

• Coronary heart disease
• Type 2 diabetes
• Cancer (endometrial, breast, and colon)
• Hypertension (high blood pressure)
• Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides)
• Stroke
• Liver and Gallbladder disease
• Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
• Osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint)
• Gynecological problems (abnormal menses, infertility)

Measures to prevent Obesity

Measures to prevent Obesity

How to prevent Obesity ?

• Follow a healthy eating plan. Make healthy food choices, keep your calorie needs and your family’s calorie needs in mind, and focus on the balance of energy IN and energy OUT.
• Focus on portion size. Watch the portion sizes in fast food and other restaurants. The portions served often are enough for two or three people. Children’s portion sizes should be smaller than those for adults. Cutting back on portion size will help you balance energy IN and energy OUT.
• Be active. Make personal and family time active. Find activities that everyone will enjoy. For example, go for a brisk walk, bike or roller-blade, or train together for a walk or run.
• Reduce screen time. Limit the use of TVs, computers, DVDs, and video-games because they limit time for physical activity. Health experts recommend 2 hours or less a day of screen time that’s not work or homework-related.
• Keep track of your weight, body mass index, and waist circumference. Also, keep track of your children’s growth.

Eat healthy and exercise regularly

Eat healthy and exercise regularly

References:

http://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Obesity.aspx
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/obesity/
https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/prevention.html
http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/causes/index.html

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