(জাতীয় স্মৃতি সৌধ Jatio Sriti Shoudho)
Jatio Sriti Shoudho or National Martyrs’ Memorial is a historical monument in Bangladesh. It symbolizes the valour & the sacrifice of those who were killed during the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, which brought the Independence of Bangladesh from Pakistani rule. The monument is located in Savar, about 35 km north-west of Dhaka & was designed by Syed Mainul Hossain.
Soon after Bangladesh gained Independence in the year 1972, plans for the monumental structure were initiated. In June 1978, a nation-wide design competition was held for the site selection, road & land development, out of the evaluation of 57 submissions, Syed Mainul Hossain’s design was chosen. In the year 1982, the main structure, the artificial lake and other facilities were completed.
The monument is composed of 7 isosceles triangular pyramid shaped structures, with the middle one being the tallest. The tallest one has the smallest base while the broadest base has the lowest height. The highest point of the monument is 150 feet. The pyramids shaped isosceles are folded at the middle and are placed one after the another. This unique arrangement of the pyramid shaped isosceles had created a structure that seems to change its configuration when viewed from the different angles. There is an artificial lake, and several mass graves in front of the main monument. The architect has used concrete for the monument while all the other structures and pavements of the complex are made of red bricks. Use of different materials has added to the gravity of the monument.
The entire complex is spread over an area of 34 hectares (84 acres) which is again wrapped around by a green belt of 10 hectares (24.7 acre). Several mass-graves and a reflection water body are placed in front of the monument. Once one enters the complex through the main gate he or she can see the monument axially but to reach it, one has to walk through different ups and downs of pavements and cross an artificial lake by a bridge. The entire set of the complex is unique as it represents the struggle for Independence by the great Martyrs’ of the country.
The complete project was executed in three phases. The first phase began in the year 1972, involved in acquiring the land and constructing the road for the project at a cost of Tk 26 lacs. During the second phase in the year 1974 – 1982, Tk 3.77 crores were spent in order to build the mass-graves, heli-pad, parking space, pavements etc. Finally the third phase, began in August in the year 1982, when the main structure was built apart from the artificial lake, green belt, cafeteria, housing etc. The third phase expenses were around Tk 848.65 lacs.