The virgin island of “Nijhum Dwip” is enriched with plants, animals and natural beauty. It is raised on the estuary on the channel of the Meghna River on the mouth of the mighty Bay of Bengal. The geographical location of Nijhum Dwip has been identified just two kilometres south west of Hatia Upazila and directed under the jurisdiction of the Noakhali District of Bangladesh. Nijhum Dwip consists of more than 4 / 5 small islands like Char Kamla, Char Osman, Corner of Char Osman and isolated from the mainland by Hatia channel.
Four decades ago, the island was submerged under deep water. But, the alluvial island surfaced over the period in 1972 as a discovery by the people of the forest department. This second mangrove forest of the country was designated as the Nijhum Dwip National Park in 2001 by the government of Bangladesh. Now this island has been declared as the unique eco-tourist spot for its ideal natural setup with the rich bio diversification factors and the perennial mangrove forest of Bangladesh.
The forestry department of Noakhali District created lush mangrove forests in Nijhum Dwip as part of preservation efforts for the area. One of the major attractions in these mangrove forests is the herd of Spotted Deer, whose numbers have increased to over 20,000 as per a recent update. The Keora tree was planted here for its fast growing root system; it is known to anchor itself into the soft sandy ground. The leaves of this tree are the favorite food of spotted deer’s, but most of the leaves of this tree are too high for the deer. This is an excellent example of how animals help one another; the resident monkeys of the forest shake or pluck the leaves from the trees and then they drop leaves where the deer can pick them up. The wood of the trees is used in the construction of local housing, and also as raw material for building boats. It is also used as the fuel for domestic use.
Wild animals, the spotted deer, monkey, buffalo, snakes and 35 species of birds are the major attractions for the tourists. Every year nearly thousands of guest birds migrate to this island to add more glamour to its beauty. Oysters and snails of different types can be easily seen in the island. The tourists can enjoy breathtaking sunrises and awesome sunsets from the island.
Besides this Nijhum Dwip presently has six big bazaars with mainly the grocery shops, small restaurants and drug stores. These bazaars are the only places in the islands to have electricity from generators. The uniqueness of this silent island is considered as a piece of heavenly beauty in winter and is bit adventurous and enjoyable for the tourists visiting this island. Tourists from Dhaka can board a steamer plying between Sadarghat to Monpura, then by motor boat. It takes only two hours to reach the island from the capital.